|Does at HNWR, by Dana Handy|
Thanks to Google and the multitude of white-tailed deer sites on the Internet, we were able to compile a Deer Alphabet this week.
A is for antler – and annual – male deer have antlers which are shed annually (only reindeer and caribou females have antlers)
B is for buck – the adult male deer
C is for coat – for the white-tail deer, the species found at Hagerman NWR, the coats are reddish in summer and gray (and heavier) in winter
D is for doe – the adult female deer
E is for ears which the white-tail can rotate 180 degrees
F is for fawn - the young deer stay with their mothers for about two years
G is for grazing – deer eat only plant life - grasses, leaves, twigs, acorns, etc.
H is for hooves – deer are Artiodactyls; they have hooves and an even number of toes.
I is for inches – racks, or the antlers, are measured in inches
J is for jumping – deer can leap a barrier up to 10’ high and broad jump up to 30’
K is for kicking very hard with their legs in fight situations
L is for listening – deer have keen ears and can pick up high frequency sounds
M is for [ruminant] mammals, in the family Cervidae
N is for nose – the deer nose is about 100 times more sensitive than the human nose
O is for odor - deer can smell human scent on underbrush for days after the person leaves the area
P is for points on the antlers, also called tines
Q is for quick – deer can sprint up to 30 mph
R is for rut – the mating season which lasts from about October to January
S is for scent glands in the feet and legs of the deer which help communicate with other deer along a trail
T is for territory - a buck will mark his territory by stomping on the ground to make "scrapes" on the land and rubbing his antlers on trees ("buck rub")
U is for United States – white-tailed deer are native to much of the U.S.
V is for vision – with eyes on the sides of their head, deer have a 310 degree view
W is for the white of the White-tailed deer tail, which the deer can raise to signal danger
X is for Deer Crossing (bet you thought we would not get this one!) – deer crossings are hazardous for both deer and drivers - it is estimated that 1.5 million cars collide with deer annually
Y is for young deer – their coat is reddish brown with white spots, for camouflage, which fade as the first winter coat grows
Z is for making deer z’s – often bedding by laying on their right side and facing downwind, in order to detect danger approaching from any direction